The report looks at the diversity of the cancer challenge worldwide, as well as the current extent of efforts to address the disease and the essential elements to building enhanced preparedness. The report is based on several strands of research, as follows. It introduces the Index of Cancer Preparedness (ICP), which looks at a wide range of elements that are relevant to cancer control. Created by EIU Healthcare, the ICP combines findings from around 45 separate data points to provide a comprehensive overview of how well the 28 included countries are doing in the key areas of this challenge.