Medical devices are indispensable for health care provision, as emphasized in various WHO resolutions. The rise of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) demands that WHO identify appropriate, basic and priority medical devices, and compile a WHO model list and clearing house that can serve as a reference to Member States. The outcome of this process is the WHO list of priority medical devices for cancer management publication, which describes the medical devices that are required to manage cancer, based on the list of clinical interventions selected from clinical guidelines on prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, palliative care, monitoring and end of life care. This publication addresses medical devices that can be used for management of cancer and specifcally describes medical devices for six types of cancer: breast, cervical, colorectal, leukemia, lung and prostate.